Library recommends - citation style

This draft citation style - recommended by the Library - has been based on the ISO 690 standard and the Harvard system, taking into account the citation practices at MENDELU, and has been adapted into a form that is easy to learn and understand. The citation style is particularly suitable for students' final theses, but can also be used in publication lists. For complete information on this citation style and a primer on citation issues, please see the booklet Citation style - Library recommends.



Why cite?

An integral part of your studies is the writing of term papers and theses, in which it is necessary to properly cite the publications you have used to write. By citing, you will also demonstrate your own knowledge of the topic and your ability to work with the literature. Last but not least, by citing you will comply with copyright law and the principles of citation ethics.

Bibliographic citations seem to be an uninteresting and difficult issue. This website should be your guide to how to go about citing. We would be grateful for your feedback and any useful comments, which you can write to us at  


What are the principles of the Ethics of citation?

  • take care of data clarity in citations and in the list of bibliographic citations, obey identical rules and identical formalities in all citations
  • cite the literature really used during writing your final thesis
  • take data for citation creating directly from the primary sources (work with the book or with other information sources in your hand)
  • write data in the language of cited document
  • the data in bibliographical citation are written in the language of cited document.
  • when citing online resources, it is important that the source can be retraced
  • if you use one of the helpful tools to create citations in your work, always check the result

And do not forget that:

  • if you take into the text of your final thesis text, picture, graph, table, etc. from someone else´s work = cite author
  • if you use data from another author/institution to create your table/graph/chart = write its source
  • if you take into the text of your final thesis idea, opinion, result of someone else´work = cite author
  • if you use during writing a part of your own published work = cite also yourself


How does a citation look like?

A citation is a reference in the text that allows you to find in the reference list the record of the publication (bibliographic citation) from which the work was written. The in-text citation takes the form: author, year. For more information on in-text referencing, see the document Citation Style - Library recommends.

If you take text direct (you quote directly from the original), it is good to graphically distinguish the text, e.g. italics, quotation marks. If you paraphrase, it is necessary to beware of writing your text in your own words and style. If you appropriate an original text and you make merely stylistic adjustments, you commit plagiarism.


Pattern of a professional text:



List of bibliographical citations

  1. POELMAN, Astrid A. M. et al. 2019. Multiple vs Single Target Vegetable Exposure to Increase Young Children's Vegetable Intake. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. 51(8), 985-992. ISSN 1499-4046. Available at:
  2. KERNAN, Sean. 2021. Four Signs a Person Is Secretly Unhappy with Their Life. In: mind cafe. [online]. A medium Corporation. 17. 5. 2021. [cit. 2021-05-24]. Available at: .


How to cite literature in final thesis?


In this document you will find all bibliographic citation templates.


How manage the bibliographic citations? Citations managers


Bibliographic citations should be managed using citations managers. These tools allow easy and clearly to manage bibliographic citations of publications, create their lists, also connect with full texts. Citations managers offer a large number of citation styles for different type of publications, permit import of records from databases, Internet or others external resources.

  • Zotero - a free tool for generation and management of citations. Offers different types of citation styles, allows creation of own citation styles, import of records from databases, Internet or others external resources. Instructions for installing and working with ZOTERO HERE or follow this User Guide.. If you have any questions about ZOTERO, you can contact  or . (About product)
  • Mendeley - free reference manager enabling management, reading, sharing, annotation and citation of scientific publications. Also offers system of academic staffer, which contents 3 millions of user and allows interconnection of scientists working on a similar project. Manager also follows research trends and statistics. Instructions for installing and working with MENDELEY HERE or follow this User Guide. (About product)
  • EndNote - citation tool for generation and management of citations available on all computers of Mendel university in Brno or through Remote access to proxy (About product).


Where search literature for final thesis?

Before you start to write your final thesis, first it is necessary to identify the theme of your final thesis and find literature for your writing. On the website of Information Centre and central library you can use:

If searched publications are not available at our university or in electronic information resources, it is possible to search also in catalogs of other libraries (e.g. Moravian Library in Brno) or request for interlibrary loans.



ČSN ISO 690. 2011. Informace a dokumentace – Pravidla pro bibliografické odkazy a citace informačních zdrojů. Praha: Úřad pro technickou normalizaci, metrologii a státní zkušebnictví. Třídící znak 01 0197.


KRČÁL, Martin; TEPLÍKOVÁ, Zuzana. 2014. Naučte (se) citovat. Blansko: ISBN 978-80-260-6074-1.


Contact for your questions and comments


Bc. Lukáš Konečný